Jerusalem Artichoke, Sunroot, root apple

Jerusalem Artichoke

The Jerusalem Artichoke: More Than Just a Tuber

The Jerusalem Artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus), also known as sunroot or earth apple, is a type of tuber vegetable that belongs to the sunflower family. Despite its name, it has no relation to Jerusalem or artichokes. This listicle delves into the unique characteristics, noteworthy health benefits, and comprehensive nutritional profile of Jerusalem Artichoke.
Jerusalem Artichoke

Characteristics

  • Type: Tuber, Vegetable
  • Origin: North America
  • Color: Light brown to tan, similar to ginger
  • Flavor: Nutty, slightly sweet, and crunchy
  • Texture: Crisp and juicy when raw, soft when cooked
  • Shelf Life: 2-4 weeks when refrigerated
  • Uses: Salads, soups, roasted, pureed, or even raw in salads
    Earth apple

Health Benefits

1. High in Fiber

Jerusalem artichokes are rich in inulin, a type of fiber that supports healthy digestion and gut bacteria.

2. Aids in Blood Sugar Regulation

The fiber content helps in slowing down the absorption of sugar, making it beneficial for people with diabetes.

3. Nutrient-Dense

Packed with essential nutrients like iron, potassium, and thiamine, this tuber is a wholesome addition to any diet.

4. Boosts Immunity

With a good amount of antioxidants and vitamins, it enhances immune system functionality.

5. Supports Cardiovascular Health

The potassium content aids in maintaining a healthy blood pressure level, which is beneficial for heart health.

6. Good for Weight Management

The high fiber content helps in weight management by promoting a feeling of fullness.

Nutritional Table (Per 100g Serving)

Nutrient Amount % Daily Value
Calories 73 3.6%
Protein 2g 4%
Total Fat 0.2g 0.3%
Carbohydrates 17g 5.6%
Fiber 2g 8%
Sugars 9.6g
Calcium 14mg 1.4%
Iron 3.4mg 18.9%
Magnesium 47mg 11.8%
Phosphorus 78mg 7.8%
Potassium 429mg 12.2%
Sodium 4mg 0.1%
Zinc 0.3mg 2%
Vitamin C 4mg 6.6%
Thiamine (B1) 0.2mg 13.3%
Riboflavin (B2) 0.06mg 3.5%
Niacin (B3) 1.3mg 6.5%
Folate (B9) 13µg 3.2%
Vitamin K 2.6µg 3.2%

Sunroot
The Jerusalem Artichoke stands as a highly nutritious and beneficial tuber. Its rich nutrient profile and wide array of health benefits make it an excellent addition to a balanced diet. Whether you choose to consume it raw in a crunchy salad or enjoy it roasted with your favorite spices, the Jerusalem artichoke offers something for everyone.

We hope this article was both informative and helpful; we certainly had fun writing it (it probably shows). 🙂 Please feel free to share it with people you care about and want to know more about health.
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Synonyms:
Earth apple, Sunroot

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